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Fukuyama said that American democracy continued to decline and its reputation...

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Francis Fukuyama, a senior researcher at the Freeman spogley Institute of International Studies at Stanford University, published an article on the website of the New York Times on January 5, saying that American democracy continues to decline and its reputation is ruined. The full text is excerpted as follows:

On January 6, 2021, under the instigation of then president trump, mobs attacked Congress, setting an ominous precedent in American politics. Since the end of the civil war, there has never been a situation in which power cannot be transferred peacefully in the United States, and no president has deliberately challenged the election results even if there is sufficient evidence that the election is free and fair.

This incident continues to cause repercussions in American politics, but its impact is not limited to domestic. It has also had a significant international impact, marking a significant decline in the global strength and influence of the United States.

The events of 6 January last year need to be viewed in the context of the broader global crisis of "freedom and democracy". According to the world freedom report published by Freedom House, a think-tank, in 2021, democracy has declined for 15 consecutive years, and some of the biggest setbacks have occurred in the United States and India.

The decline of global "democracy" is due to complex factors. Globalization and economic changes have left many people behind. There is a huge cultural gap between well-educated professionals living in cities and residents of small towns with traditional values.

Therefore, compared with the situation when the Soviet Union collapsed about 30 years ago, the world has been very different. At that time, I underestimated two key factors. First, it is difficult to create "democracy", but also to create a modern, fair and honest country; Second, the possibility of political decline in "advanced 'democratic' countries".

The American model has been declining for some time. Since the mid-1990s, the politics of the United States has become increasingly polarized, prone to a long-term stalemate, resulting in its inability to perform basic government functions, such as passing the budget. There are obvious problems in the American system: the influence of money on politics and the influence of the electoral system that is increasingly misplaced with "democratic" choices, but the United States seems unable to reform itself. In the first two decades of the 21st century, American policymakers led two disasters: the Iraq war and the subprime mortgage crisis, and then there was a short-sighted agitator who encouraged angry populists to make trouble.

The Capitol Hill riots on January 6, 2021 marked a moment when a considerable number of Americans expressed their dissatisfaction with the American "democracy" system itself and used violence to achieve their goals. What makes January 6 a particularly worrisome stain on American "democracy" is the fact that instead of refuting those who started and participated in the riots, the Republicans whitewash the riots and purge from their camp those who are willing to tell the truth about the 2020 election.

Before January 6 last year, people regarded this trick as an act of a "democratic" country that has just started and has not yet been fully consolidated, and the United States will shake its head and condemn such a situation. But now this is happening in the United States. The United States has lost credibility in establishing a good model of "democracy" practice.

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